The types and degrees of an adjective with examples and exercise.

 In this post, I have explained an Adjective and its kinds with examples. An adjective is a very important part of speech. By reading this post students can easily understand what is an adjective? In order to understand the English language, we have to understand the part of speech. I have written this post for 9th and 10th classes students.

kinds of adjective

Adjective and its classes

A word used with a noun to describe the person, place, animal, or thing is called an adjective. The adjective also tells the size, number, or quantity of person, place, and thing. Adjectives are the words that modify nouns most adjectives are gradable. An adjective can take comparative and superlative endings. The comparative form of an adjective indicates the greater extent to which the normal form the adjective which is called absolute form. The superlative form indicates the maximum extent. Adjective function as head in an adjective phrase.

Absolute form                        comparative form         superlative form

Great                                                   greater                                            greatest

Full                                                   fuller                                               fullest

good                                                better                                                 best


  • · Hina is a clever girl.

  • · We do not like a black dog.

  • · She gave me two mangos

In these examples, clever, black, two, and little are examples of adjectives. We can say that adjectives describe the kind, quality, status of things.


There are three degrees of an adjective.

1. The Positive degree

A positive degree simply expresses the quality of person, place, and thing.


  • · She is a tall girl.

  • · He is a wise boy.

  • · Ali is a good boy.

  • · Hina is a cute girl.

In these examples tall, wise, good, and cute are examples of a positive degree of an adjective because they are expressing the simple quality of a person, place, and thing without comparing it with another person, place, and thing.

2. The Comparative Degree

The comparative degree is used when we compare two persons, places, and things.


  •  She is taller than Hina

  •  Ali is wiser than his brother.

  • He is more intelligent than his friend.

3. The Superlative Degree

The superlative degree is used when we compare one person or thing with all the other persons or things of the same kind.


  •  She is the tallest girl in college.
  •  He is the wisest of all his brothers.
  •  My school is the most beautiful in the area.

In these examples, The tallest, the wisest, the most intelligent are examples of the superlative degree. The superlative degree is sometimes used, not to make a direct comparison, but to express a high degree of the quality of the adjective.


  • She is the prettiest girl.
  •  He is the best singer.
  •  He is the most intelligent boy.

Kinds of adjective The adjective of quality

  1. The adjective of quality
  2. The adjective of quantity
  3. The Distributive adjectives
  4. The proper adjectives
  5. The possessive adjectives
  6. The Emphasizing adjective
  7. The exclamatory adjective

 1. The Adjective of quality

The adjective of quality expresses the kind, quality, and status of things.

  •  I eat fresh fruit.
  •  He is a good boy.
  • There is hot water in the glass.
  • It is a beautiful flower.

In these examples, fresh, good, hot, and beautiful are the examples of the adjective of quality.

2.      The  Adjective of quantity

The adjective of quantity shows the number of things and persons.

These adjectives answer the questions of how much.

  •  I have a little money.
  •  He sold the whole property.
  • I have a lot of bread.
In these examples little, whole and a lot of are the examples of the adjective o quantity.

3. The distributive Adjectives

The Distributive adjective shows that things have been taken separately or in separate groups.

4. The proper adjective

The adjective is made from proper nouns.

  • She is an American girl.
  • I have listened to a Pakistani song.
  • I bought a china mobile last Sunday

In these examples American, Pakistani, and china are called the proper nouns.

5. The possessive adjective

The possessive adjectives are used to show possession are called a possessive adjectives.
  •  It is my book.
  •  It is our college.
  •  Their property is for sale.

6. The Emphasizing Adjectives

The emphasizing adjective is used to lay emphasis on adjectives.

  •  Delay is the very reason for his failure.
  •  She is the only heir to this property.
In these examples very and only are called the emphasizing adjectives.

7. The exclamatory Adjective

What and how are used in exclamatory senses as well as adjectives, they are called exclamatory adjectives.

  •  How foolish he is
  •  What a fool he is!
  •  What a lovely flower it is!

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